Conservation Programs : USDA

Farm Service Agency by Category

Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) - This program sponsored through the Farm Service Agency and the Oregon Department of Agriculture. This program provides landowners with cost share for riparian restoration practices and then annual payments for continued conservation land use.

Farm Service Agency CREP Site

NRCS Programs by Category

Conservation Technical Assistance Programs and Activities

Cooperative Conservation Partnership Initiative (CCPI) - administers grants to local governments and agencies; Indian tribes; and non-governmental organizations to focus technical and financial resources on conservation priorities

Conservation Planning Assistance - a guide to assist farmers, ranchers and other landowners plan and develop conservation measures to: improve operations, protect water quality and quantity; promote high quality, productive soils; develop healthy plant and animal communities; and more

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) - (USDA Farm Service Agency program)

Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative (GLCI) - coordination of efforts to identify priority issues, find solutions, and effect change on private grazing land

Environmental Improvement Programs

Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) - voluntary financial and technical assistance for structural and management conservation practices on working agricultural lands

    EQIP Organic Initiative - Special EQIP funding is available to organic growers and those transitioning to organic production

    Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) - a program under the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) through which NRCS may enter into partnership agreements with eligible entities to conserve ground and surface water or improve water quality, or both, in the region

    EQIP Ground and Surface Water Conservation (EQIP/GSWC) (2002 Farm Bill - NRCS is not taking new applications.)  - a portion of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) that provides assistance to farmers to conserve ground and surface water in their agricultural operations

Klamath Drought Initiative - will provide farmers in the reclamation project area with technical and financial assistance to address the most immediate and critical drought-related soil erosion concerns.

Sage-Grouse Habitat Improvement Initiative - focuses on making measurable and significant progress toward treating a specific threat to sage-grouse on private lands through strategic use of conservation programs.

Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP) - voluntary technical and financial assistance to non-federal landowners and tribes to create, restore, and enhance fish and wildlife habitats

Stewardship Programs

Conservation Security Program (2002 Farm Bill - NRCS is not taking new applications.) - voluntary program that provides financial and technical assistance to promote the conservation and improvement of private lands - NOTE: the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (2008 Farm Bill) replaces the Conservation Security Program with the new Conservation Stewardship Program for fiscal years 2009 through 2017.

Conservation Stewardship Program (2008 Farm Bill - New Program!)- voluntary program that encourages producers to address resource concerns in a comprehensive manner by undertaking additional conservation activities and improving, maintaining, and managing existing conservation activities

Easement Programs

Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) - voluntary program that allows productive farm and ranch lands to remain in agricultural production under private ownership

Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) - voluntary program offering landowners the opportunity to protect, restore, and enhance grasslands

Healthy Forests Reserve Program (HFRP) - voluntary program to help landowners manage their land for sustainable, profitable timber harvests while securing long-term protection from regulatory restrictions

Wetland Reserve Program (WRP) - a voluntary land easement program to help people restore, enhance, and protect wetlands

Grant Programs

Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) - grants to develop and refine cutting-edge technologies and approaches that can help producers maintain viable agricultural operations

Cooperative Conservation Partnership Initiative (CCPI) - administers grants to local governments and agencies; Indian tribes; and non-governmental organizations to focus technical and financial resources on conservation priorities


USFW  Programs


Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program

It is estimated that two-thirds of our nation’s lands are privately owned. Successful long-term conservation of fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats rests in the hands of America’s private landowners, who live and work on a variety of landscapes.
A Private Lands Conservation Tool: The Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program
Recognizing that conservation on private lands could be enhanced by technical expertise
and financial resources, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service established the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program in 1987 to help private landowners with habitat restoration on their property. This cost-share program focuses on improving wetland, riparian, in-stream, fish passage, sage-steppe, grassland and aquatic habitats that provide benefits to migratory birds, threatened or endangered species, and other sensitive and declining species.
Partners Program staff work to develop strong partnerships to:
• Contribute to the health of the land while maintaining the landowner’s quality of life and sustainable business practices
• Utilize technical expertise and efficient state-federal-private resources to accomplish conservation goals
• Emphasize voluntary landowner participation and decision-making
Since its first Congressional appropriation of $100,000, the Partners Program has grown to a $50,000,000 program, unanimously authorized by the 109th Congress in the October, 2006 “Partners for Fish and Wildlife Act.”
In 2007, we developed the Pacific Region Partners for Fish and Wildlife and Coastal Program Strategic Plan to focus our efforts and maximize our habitat restoration results. In the Strategic Plan, we describe our priorities (what we intend to do) and define our 40 Focus Areas (where we intend to do it).